Turkey entered the First World War on 29 October 1914. They inevitably sided with Germany, who lost the war, and as a result Turkey was stripped of all its Arab possessions. These territories became Syria, Iraq, Jordan and Palestine. Turkey as we know it today, only just managed to escape being divided up. It was merely the intervention of the Turkish leader, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, in 1919, was able to really save Turkey from disintegration by rallying the Turkish people together and showing the victorious allies that Turkey would resist division at any level . Turkey retained the territory that became the modern Turkish state. The old Arab provinces were however divided into the other Arab countries we know today.
The Second World War, which began in September 1939, certainly spread towards the Middle East. When Germany overpowered Britain, in 1940, the British still held tight to Egypt, the defense of which was vital. At the battle of El Alamein on 23 October 1942 the British army prohibited the Germans from entering Egypt from the side of Libya. This was the most important and memorable date of the war in the Middle East, as a result that later the tide of war began to turn and become in favor of Britain.
On 2 August 1990, President Saddam Hussein of Iraq sent troops to invade Kuwait, which was essentially the beginning the Gulf crises and therefore the Gulf War. The Gulf crisis held the attention of the world until the allied troops drove Iraq’s forces out of Kuwait in February and March of 1991. Iraq had objections against Kuwait. For numerous years, Iraq had claimed part, or even all, of Kuwait’s oil producing capacity. Although some kind of Iraq action to annex part of Northern Kuwait had seemed impossible, nobody predicted Saddam Hussein to direct in his army and seize the entire country. The world was absolutely stunned. For one state to attempt to annex the whole of another seemed almost unthinkable.
The famous wonders of the Ancient World were initially listed by an ancient Greek Poet. His list had survived to this day, but no such list exists for other periods of history. The wonders listed below belong to the thousand years of history starting in approximately AD 500. In Europe this period is referred to as the Middle Ages and began with the fall of the Roman Empire until 1500, when modern times began to arise. The word ‘medieval’ refers to the Middle Ages and Europe, but as you will see in the 7 Wonders below, exciting things were happening all over the world during this time period.
The ancient world has left us with many beautiful and magnificently large historical structures today. All over the world we are able to see what great strength and intelligence was put behind many of the masterpieces below. With so little technology, it is incredible what was accomplished hundreds and thousands of years ago.
The Vietnam War took place in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 till 30 April 1975. The war lasted 19 years, 5 months, 4 weeks, and 1 day. It was fought between North Vietnam, and the government of South Vietnam, who were supported by the United States. The United States government viewed its contribution in the war as a way to prevent a communist takeover of South Vietnam as part of their widespread strategy of containment. The North Vietnamese however regarded the conflict as a colonial war. The Paris Peace Accords on “Ending the war and Restoring Peace in Vietnam” were signed on 27 January 1973, ending direct US military involvement. United States military however, only completely ended its contribution on 15 August 1973 and the capture of Saigon by the Vietnam People’s Army in April 1975, which marked the end of the war.
Elizabeth I became queen of England on 17th November 1558 and reigned until her death on 24th March 1603. This time was to become known as the Elizabethan Era. Elizabeth was the fifth and final monarch of the Tudor dynasty but was a formidable queen who was loved, revered, plus known for moderation in terms of government negotiation. She was certainly her father’s daughter bringing the protestant church back as the main faith in England. The Church of England has remained so until this present time being the main legacy of Henry VIII her father and Elizabeth herself.
Mary I was the daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon his first of six wives. Mary reigned as queen of England from 1553 to 1558 when she died. Mary came to the throne following the death of her younger brother Edward VI. It was not an easy accession to the throne as Edward had decreed that neither of his sisters should inherit the throne but that his half cousin Lady Jane Grey should. Mary and her armies fought off opposition and Lady Jane Grey was subsequently beheaded while Mary became queen.
Edward VI succeeded his father King Henry VIII to the throne of England in January 1547. He was one of the youngest kings of England being only nine years old when he inherited the throne. Born in 1537 Edward was the much wanted son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour who was Henry’s third wife and according to history the only one that he actually loved. Jane unfortunately died in childbirth leaving Henry devastated as he had the son he had always wanted but now had lost his one true love.
Henry VIII succeeded his father Henry VII to the throne of England in 1509 reigning until his death in 1547. Probably the most well known of the Tudor kings due to his six marriages, he was much admired, revered plus was responsible for the introduction of The Church of England. Henry broke away from The Roman Catholic Church to create his breakaway church, while he was also responsible for the dissolution of the monasteries. Although Henry named himself as the supreme head of the English church he did still adhere to many of the teachings of the Catholic Church.