Elizabeth I became queen of England on 17th November 1558 and reigned until her death on 24th March 1603. This time was to become known as the Elizabethan Era. Elizabeth was the fifth and final monarch of the Tudor dynasty but was a formidable queen who was loved, revered, plus known for moderation in terms of government negotiation. She was certainly her father’s daughter bringing the protestant church back as the main faith in England. The Church of England has remained so until this present time being the main legacy of Henry VIII her father and Elizabeth herself.
Mary I was the daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon his first of six wives. Mary reigned as queen of England from 1553 to 1558 when she died. Mary came to the throne following the death of her younger brother Edward VI. It was not an easy accession to the throne as Edward had decreed that neither of his sisters should inherit the throne but that his half cousin Lady Jane Grey should. Mary and her armies fought off opposition and Lady Jane Grey was subsequently beheaded while Mary became queen.
Edward VI succeeded his father King Henry VIII to the throne of England in January 1547. He was one of the youngest kings of England being only nine years old when he inherited the throne. Born in 1537 Edward was the much wanted son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour who was Henry’s third wife and according to history the only one that he actually loved. Jane unfortunately died in childbirth leaving Henry devastated as he had the son he had always wanted but now had lost his one true love.
Henry VIII succeeded his father Henry VII to the throne of England in 1509 reigning until his death in 1547. Probably the most well known of the Tudor kings due to his six marriages, he was much admired, revered plus was responsible for the introduction of The Church of England. Henry broke away from The Roman Catholic Church to create his breakaway church, while he was also responsible for the dissolution of the monasteries. Although Henry named himself as the supreme head of the English church he did still adhere to many of the teachings of the Catholic Church.
The reign of The Tudors was from 1485 to 1603 beginning with Henry VII and ending with Elizabeth I of England. The Tudors rose to power following The War of The Roses between Yorkshire and Lancashire. Henry used his Welsh ancestry to gain safe passage through Wales to Bosworth Field. Some of the most colourful and notorious kings and queens reigned in this period.